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Archive for the ‘Transport’ Category

Sandyforth Causeway 18th century evidence.

April 27th, 2016 Comments off

Three main items occupied our December meeting. Firstly we sorted lots of new archives we had been given lately, ready for adding to our archive list. It’s amazing in a small village how many documents keep appearing to feed our history research.   

A packhorse train, such as would have travelled Ickornshaw Moor.

A packhorse train, such as would have travelled across Ickornshaw Moor.

One of these items was a copy of an assessment from the early 18 century. Inhabitants of Ickornshaw were being assessed to contribute to the upkeep of The Sandyforth Causeway, which the ‘Cowling a Moorland Parish’ book states went from Sandyforth Farm to Hill Ends. These causeways were paved areas, often laid to help progress over wet areas. This was part of a packhorse route over Ickornshaw Moor. These routes were the main method of moving heavy goods around in hill country before the advent of Turnpike roads. Therefore our second item was a first look for evidence of route ways over the moor, projecting internet aerial images of the moor for all to see. We would like to hear from anyone who has information about the causeway or packhorse routes in our parish.

Another Pennine causeway, partially uncovered.

Another Pennine causeway, partially uncovered.

For the third item we looked at pictures from our recent visits, which will in due course be added to our website, to add interest to our items and to add to our Events Gallery. 

Categories: Transport

Ickornshaw Mill Destroyed by Fire At Cowling (Craven Herald 22/03/1884)

June 6th, 2013 Comments off

A disastrous fire, resulting in the destruction of Ickornshaw Mill, occurred on Sunday morning last

The mill, which is the property of The Craven Bank, and rented by Mr Thomas Watson,Worsted Manufacturer, was 4 storeys high and 40yards
long. The lower room was used as a store-room for weft and other stock; the second room was used for twisting; the third for weaving, and the top storey for dressing.

The fire occurred in the lower storey, and was discovered at about 6.30am by a mill hand named Jonas Shuttleworth, who resided near the premises. He promptly gave the alarm, and assistance having been procured water was then thrown by buckets on to the fire (the fire-extinguishing apparatus with the mill being useless) and a mounted messenger was despatched to Keighley for the fire brigade.

A manual engine from the town arrived at about half-past eight, followed in about a quarter of an hour by the borough steam fire-engine.
By this time, however, the flames had obtained a complete hold of the building and the roof had fallen in, so the brigade turned their attention to saving that portion of the mill where the engine is situated, and in this they were fortunately successful.

The building, however, was completely gutted, and a large number of machinery and stock was destroyed. There were 56 looms in the mill
and a large quantity of weft, but a considerable portion of the machinery had been removed to new premises only a short time previously; and workmen had been engaged in the task of removal until the late hours of Saturday night.

The flames were fortunately prevented from spreading to the weaving shed which adjoins the mill, or the damage done to the property would
not only have been much greater, but a large number of workpeople thrown out of employment, as the greater portion of them are employed in this part of the mill.

The damage is estimated at £2,500, and is covered by insurance in the Sun Fire Office.

A portion of the mill is sub-let by Mr Watson to Mr Robert Pickles, who had 26 looms in his department.

Part of the mill was worked by water and the other portion by steam and it is hoped that operations in the weaving shed will be resumed.

The fire, which burned for some hours with great brilliancy, and was observable from a great distance, is believed to have been caused by
the spontaneous combustion of weft.

Researched from the
CRAVEN HERALD dated 22 March 1884 by Dennis Harkeand typed out larger by Norman Binns.

For a summary of findings from this newspaper article read the article below.

1884 Mill Fire Gives Up New Information

June 6th, 2013 Comments off

The research began at the March meeting was continued. This time however (April), the whole group examined a Craven Herald article from March 1884. This described “a disastrous fire, resulting in the destruction of Ickornshaw Mill”.

From this article members were able to discover new details about not only the fire but the ownership, use of and size of the mill at that
time and the usage of various rooms.
The difficulties of putting out a fire in a pre-motorised world were highlighted when a “mounted messenger was despatched to Keighley for
the fire brigade.” Both a manual and steam fire- engine were sent. These arrived two hours after the fire was discovered! Is it any wonder that the mill was destroyed?

The good news was that a “considerable portion of the machinery had been moved to new premises” the night before the fire. Also the
adjoining weaving sheds were saved. Members noted that the mill was insured and questions were immediately raised about how the fire started. One member, a textile specialist, questioned the reason given “spontaneous combustion of weft”. However, over one hundred years on, all our ideas and suspicions can only be conjecture.

Members quite rightly compared in their minds this article with present ones. Questions were therefore asked about the accuracy of the
facts contained here. Had the reporter ‘got it right’? Was the person giving the information accurate in what he or she said?

Members agreed that this was an interesting evening, in which all members present had been able to take part in a piece of research
that gave new historic  information, as well as leaving time for chat, banter and of course a cup of tea!

The full newspaper article can be viewed above. Paper copies can be provided on request.